Contraception Options In Gynecology

Contraception, also known as birth control, plays a crucial role in family planning and reproductive health by allowing individuals to control their fertility and prevent unintended pregnancies. With various contraceptive methods available at gynecology clinic in Motor City, individuals need to understand their options and choose the most suitable method based on their lifestyle, health needs, and preferences.

Hormonal methods:

  • Birth control pills: Oral contraceptives contain synthetic hormones (estrogen and progestin) that prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus to block sperm, and thin the uterine lining to prevent implantation. Pills are taken daily and come in different formulations, including combination pills and progestin-only pills.
  • Birth control patch: The contraceptive patch is worn on the skin and releases hormones similar to birth control pills, providing continuous contraception for a week before being replaced with a new patch.
  • Birth control shot: The contraceptive injection, administered every three months, contains progestin to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus, offering long-term contraception.
  • Birth control implant: A small, flexible rod implanted under the skin of the upper arm releases progestin hormones to prevent pregnancy for up to three years.

Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs):

  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs): IUDs are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Hormonal IUDs release progestin to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus, while copper IUDs create an inhospitable environment for sperm.
  • Contraceptive implant: The contraceptive implant is a small rod inserted under the skin of the upper arm, releasing progestin hormones to prevent pregnancy for up to three years.

Barrier methods:

  • Condoms: Male condoms and female condoms create a barrier that prevents sperm from reaching the egg. Condoms also provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
  • Diaphragm: A diaphragm is a shallow, dome-shaped device inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix and prevent sperm from entering the uterus. It must be used with spermicide for maximum effectiveness.

Permanent methods:

  • Sterilization: Surgical sterilization, such as tubal ligation (for women) or vasectomy (for men), involves permanently blocking or severing the fallopian tubes or vas deferens to prevent sperm from reaching the egg.
  • Permanent contraceptive implant: A non-hormonal, permanent contraceptive implant inserted into the fallopian tubes induces scar tissue formation, blocking the tubes and preventing fertilization.